The Gospel of the Hebrews is a lost work that was quoted by early Church Fathers.
The Gospel of the Hebrews (Ancient Greek: τὸ καθ’ Ἑβραίους εὐαγγέλιον), or Gospel according to the Hebrews, is a lost Jewish–Christian gospel. The text of the gospel is lost, with only fragments of it surviving as brief quotations by the early Church Fathers and in apocryphal writings.
The Gospel of the Hebrews is the only Jewish–Christian gospel which the Church Fathers referred to by name, believing there was only one Hebrew Gospel, perhaps in different versions.
Passages from the gospel of the Hebrews were quoted or summarized by three Alexandrian Fathers – Clement, Origen and Didymus the Blind; it was also quoted by Jerome, either directly or through the commentaries of Origen.
It was likely written in early 2nd century.
It was probably composed in Greek in the first decades of the 2nd century, and is believed to have been used by Greek-speaking Jewish Christians in Egypt during that century.
The origin of the Gospel of the Hebrews (GH) is obscure.
It has come down to us in fragments quoted or
paraphrased by various Church Fathers — Jerome, Papias,
Hegesippus (cited by Eusebius), Clement of Alexandria,
Cyril of Jerusalem, Origen and possibly Ignatius. It
has been dated to the first half of the second century. It
has proto-gnostic tendencies and a strong Jewish-
Christian character, not only as may be seen in the title,
but also in the emphasis on the figure of James.
In the Gospel of Hebrews, it mentions a linen cloth given to the “servant of the priest” by Jesus after he rose from the dead and then appeared to James.
And when the Lord had given the linen cloth to the servant of the priest, he went to James and appeared to him. For James had sworn that he would not eat bread from that hour in which he had drunk the cup of the Lord until he should see him risen from among them that sleep. And shortly thereafter the Lord said: Bring a table and bread! And immediately it added: he took the bread, blessed it and brake it and gave it to James the Just and said to him: My brother, eat thy bread, for the Son of man is risen from among them that sleep.
This is most likely connected to 1 Cor 15:7:[1Co 15:4-7 KJV] 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: 6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. 7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.
Who is the “servant of the priest” that the cloth was given to?
I believe it was Lazarus. The crux of my argument for this is it was Lazarus that wrote the book of John. See Who wrote the Gospel we call “John’s”? Lazarus was the beloved disciple, not the apostle John.
The beloved disciple had inside access to the temple when Jesus was arrested and was known by the high priest.[Jhn 18:15 KJV] 15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and [so did] another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
The beloved disciple was the only one who knew the name of the servant who had his ear cut off.
Jhn 18:10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.
Lazarus would’ve then most likely be one of the servants of a temple priest.
Lazarus was the one who would take care of Jesus’s mother.
When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
If anybody would’ve had legal ownership of the shroud, it would’ve been the family of Jesus. Since Lazarus was the placed into authority of his family by Jesus himself, then he would’ve naturally been the person to have the authority to keep the shroud.