Another thing interesting about the TS is there is no evidence of any erasure or rework on the cloth. If an artist makes a mistake painting something, he’ll paint over it again. If he accidentally draws something, he’ll erase it. If the TS is a work of an artist, he was so accomplished he was able to create the shroud in one shot. If he did make a mistake, then he got a new shroud and redid it. But this is unlikely to happen as a linen cloth this size with a herringbone weave would be very expensive. Why would anyone go to such lengths anyways to make a perfect rendition as nobody at that time would even care that an image would not contain any mistake?
On the first order, the entire image is anatomically correct.
If this is the work of a forger, than the forger would have to have been a trained anatomist, for there is not one single blunder. Indeed, anatomy bears witness to authenticity.
The evidence of a scourged man, who was crucified and died of suffocation is clear cut. The markings on this body are so clear and so medically accurate that they are, in my opinion, beyond dispute.
Dr. Robert Bucklin, Chief of the Forensic Medical Division in the Los Angeles County Coroner-Medical Examiner Office
The only deviations we see are second order distortions (long forehead, long fingers) and items missing (ears) due to the body to cloth mapping technique.