Exodus dates

Here are dates according to the Bible…

1Kgs 6:1
1 In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, he began to build the house of the LORD.

“The conventional dates of Solomon’s reign are about 970–931 BCE, normally given in alignment with the dates of David’s reign.”

So, given these dates, the year the Israelites came out of Egypt is 1446 BC (970 – 4 + 480).

There is not a consensus on the dating of the Pharaohs at this time, but it could be Amenhotep II or Thutmose III of the 18th Dynasty during the time of the Exodus.

As usual, different resources provide different time frames for Amenhotep II’s reign. While the Chronicle of the Pharaohs by Peter A. Clayton gives his reign lasting from 1453 until 1419 BC, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt provides a reign between 1427 until 1400 BC.


Thutmose III reigned from 1479 BC to 1425 BC according to the Low Chronology of Ancient Egypt. This has been the conventional Egyptian chronology in academic circles since the 1960s,[9] though in some circles the older dates 1504 BC to 1450 BC are preferred from the High Chronology of Egypt.[10] These dates, just as all the dates of the Eighteenth Dynasty, are open to dispute because of uncertainty about the circumstances surrounding the recording of a Heliacal Rise of Sothis in the reign of Amenhotep I.[11]


Bible says they were in Egypt for 430 years.

Exod 12:40
40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, [was] four hundred and thirty years.

So, the date of entering Egypt was 1876 BC (1446 + 430).

During this time would be the Pharaohs of the 12th Dynasty:
Senusret III – 1878 BC to 1839 BC
Amenemhat III – 1818–1770 BC

Also want to add the caveat that Egyptian dating is not precise.

“It will be clear that much of the chronology of Egypt is uncertain. Groups of Egyptologists and even individual scientists disagree about many details, which has resulted in a variety of dates. Of course, about the most recent years the discrepancies are less than for dates that are further away.”