Joseph, Israel and Hyksos

Evidence linking Joseph and Israel with the Hyksos…


There is a palace in Avaris (Tell El-Dab’a) that has 12 pillars at the entrance and 12 primary tombs at the back. And one of the tombs was in the shape of a pyramid with a statue of a Semitic ruler wearing a multi-colored coat. The remains are missing from the tomb. … rom-egypt/

In 1997, David Rohl brought to global attention an archaeological find of profound importance in a field near modern Faqus, Egypt: Standing out among the uncovered ruins of Middle-Bronze Age Avaris, Tell el-Daba, Area F, are the remains of a palace of a high-ranking official, excavated by Manfred Bietak with the Austrian Institute for Egyptology. Although the palace has an Egyptian style, it is understood by all that its chief occupant was a high-ranking Semitic official, on account of the graves in the cemetery of its palace garden. The honor given this Asiatic (another term for Semite) by the Egyptian crown was so great, he was given a pyramid tomb with a massive statue to commemorate his memory. It has been determined that the statue bore a striped, multi-colored coat, yellow-painted skin and flame-red hair, and held in its hand a throw-stick — all quintessential marks of Semite ethnicity. … Re-edited_

The palace contains a cylinder seal impression that correlates with the 12 tribes of Israel.


When viewed through a biblical lens, the bulla clearly depicts early symbols of the Israelite tribes, evoking themes found in the blessings of Jacob to his sons in Genesis chapter 49, with motifs that would have been well understood among ancient Egyptians of the late 12th and early 13th Dynasties. The arrangement of the symbols indicates a strong, Joseph-centered bias. Accordingly, it seems likely that the owner of the seal, most likely the high official that owned the estate, may have been none other than the figure behind the biblical traditions of Joseph, or a chief among his heirs. … Re-edited_

Primary source of the excavation from Manfred Bietak: