More evidence of the story of Joseph…

To prepare for a famine, it would make sense to build canals. We see Senusret III built major canals during his reign.

“Senusret III cleared a navigable canal through the first cataract of the Nile River”

“There are a number of texts from the reign of Senusret III that mention canals the king either had built or refurbished, with the most significant being a canal that bypassed the first cataract of the Nile River just south of the modern city of Aswan.” … Suez_Canal

He also started on the infamous Canal of the Pharaohs.



“At least as far back as Aristotle there have been suggestions that perhaps as early as the 12th Dynasty, Pharaoh Senusret III (1878–1839 BC), called Sesostris by the Greeks, may have started a canal joining the River Nile with the Red Sea.”

“Among his greatest accomplishments was the construction of the Canal of the Pharaohs, which served as a shining glory of his administration.”

“The so-called Canal of the Pharaohs was first dug during the reign of Pharaoh Senusret III around 1850 BC. That canal ran from the Red Sea to the Nile River, but did not reach the Mediterranean.” … s-faraones

Another canal built during this time was Bahr Yusuf (the Joseph Canal).

“In prehistoric times, the canal was a natural offshoot of the Nile which created a lake to the west during high floods. Beginning with the 12th dynasty, the waterway was enlarged and the Fayyum was developed to enlarge Lake Moeris.”

“We do know that between 1850 and 1650 BC a canal was built to keep the branches of the Nile permanently open, enabling water to fill Lake Quaran and keep the land fertile. This canal was so effective that it still successfully functions today. There is no record of who built the canal, but for thousands of years it has only been known by one name. In Arabic it’s the Bahr Yusef. This translates into English as The Waterway of Joseph.” … seph.shtml

“It is an astonishing feat of engineering which to this day is known throughout Egypt as the ‘Bahr Yusuf’ – the Joseph Canal. This has always been its name. Moreover, the people of Egypt are perfectly happy to tell you that it was built by the Joseph of the Bible who once was Pharaoh’s ‘Grand Vizier'” … -this-day/

Another evidence of a drought during the time of Joseph is ice cores in Mt Kilimanjaro.

“Studies in ‘ice cores’ found in Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania – the mountain which supplies the Nile with its water – have revealed that a drought did take place around 3600 years ago – around the time the Bible sets Joseph’s story.” … seph.shtml

Senusret III also built a series of forts with massive granaries.

“Like his earlier 12th Dynasty predecessors, Senusret III now established a second series of forts along the Second Cataract. As with the town of Lahun, these forts reflect the all-pervasive presence of the central administration. The forts themselves were elaborate constructions, with wide mudbrick walls, towers, bastions and other architectural elements to permit an easy defense of the buildings. The interiors of the fortresses were carefully laid out, with a symmetrical grid of streets flanked by housing of different sizes for the various strata of society garrisoned there. Included were cultic places, workshops areas and the ubiquitous granaries, which in some cases reached surprisingly large proportions.” … ent-egypt/

“The interior of the fortress has streets paved with stone, large granaries, buildings thought to be an administrative center and a governor’s house, and barracks.”

“Inside the fortress, excavations continued in the granary. After its administrative part had been explored in 2017, work now focused on one of the six storage chambers. Flotation of the excavated fill produced rich organic samples, 14C dates of which fall into the 12th Dynasty and the early 18th Dynasty. Species so far identified include wheat, barley and watermelon.”

Gen 41:34-35
34 Let Pharaoh do [this], and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years.
35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.

Money throughout Egypt were flowing into the central treasury.

“Resources previously circulating in the provinces were now presumably diverted toward the central treasury and subsequently redistributed to the now expanded civil service.” … ent-egypt/

Gen 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.

At these forts, trade was conducted with many exotic products.

“Interestingly, during that time, Egypt imported and exported many products, such as oils, ivory, pottery, and tiger and elephant skins.” … r-the-Nile

Gen 47:16-17
16 And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail.
17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread [in exchange] for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year.

And as mentioned before, power of the nomarchs diminished.

“The other major event of Senusret III’s reign is the almost complete disappearance of the great nomarchical families.” … ent-egypt/

Gen 47:25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.

Senusret III also had a good relationship with the Egyptian priests.

“Senusret III was a fighter, but behind him was a religious persona. He humbly worshipped ancient gods and promoted a peaceful relationship between pharaohs and priests.”

Gen 47:22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion [assigned them] of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.

Gen 47:26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, [that] Pharaoh should have the fifth [part]; except the land of the priests only, [which] became not Pharaoh’s.

Given all of these and prior alignments, I believe the indirect evidence has remarkable correspondence with the Biblical account.